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By Glenn G. Gabisan, MD, FACS

 

Ligament injuries of the foot are common. Ligaments connect the bones around our joints and keep our joints in proper position. The ligaments can be stretched or torn when the joint is stressed beyond the normal range of motion.

The area of tenderness and swelling is the simplest way to determine what ligament was injured after injury occurs.  The typical midfoot sprain involves the 4th and 5th tarso-metatarsal ligaments.  These ligaments are located on the top of the foot, approximately half way between your toes and your ankle.  This injury causes swelling and tenderness at the top outer side of the foot. It is often possible to bear weight on the heel but not the toes. This injury is treated with RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Lateral midfoot sprains may need a stiff sole shoe or boot.

One thing to keep in mind is a LisFranc injury.

Advice from a medical professional is helpful for proper treatment.